October 3 | German Reunification [ Deutsche Wiedervereinigung ]
The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany), and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated on 3 October (German Unity Day)
Vast differences between the former East Germany and West Germany (for example, in lifestyle, wealth, political beliefs and other matters) remain, and it is therefore still common to speak of eastern and western Germany distinctly.
Politicians and scholars have frequently called for a process of “inner reunification” of the two countries and asked whether there is “inner unification or continued separation.” The question of this “inner reunification” has been widely discussed in the German public, politically, economically, culturally, and also constitutionally since 1989.
On 9 March 1938, in an effort to preserve Austria’s independence, a plebiscite was scheduled on the issue of unification for 13 March. This was a risk, and the next day it became apparent that Hitler would not simply stand by while Austria declared its independence by public vote. Hitler declared that the referendum would be subject to major fraud and that Germany would not accept it.
On the morning of 12 March, the 8th Army of the German Wehrmacht crossed the border to Austria.
The Anschluss was given immediate effect by legislative act on 13 March, subject to ratification by a plebiscite. Austria became the province of Ostmark. The plebiscite was held on 10 April and officially recorded a support of 99.7% of the voters